Current Affairs 27 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

Top Current Affairs of the day– 27 April 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 27 April 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 27 April 2020 granted here.

Sl

Current Affairs Content

News Type

1

COVID-19: Home Ministry Constitutes 5 New Central Teams To Enhance Virus Surveillance.

National

2

IIT Kharagpur Ranked 57th In THE’s 2nd Edition Of Impact Rankings 2020.

National

3

World Bank Ties-Up With AIMA To Organize Virtual Workshop On “Contract Management During Emergency Situations”.

International

4

Transcorp Becomes The 1st Non-Bank Company To Receive RBI Nod To Enter Into Co-Branding Arrangements.

National

5

CARE Ratings Projected 1.1%-1.2% GDP Growth In FY21; Declined For FY20 To 4.7% From 5%.

National

6

ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund Bharat-22 ETF Picks Shares Worth Rs.59 Crore In NALCO.

National

7

IIFL Wealth Acquires The Entire Holdings Of LTCM.

National

8

‘E-Karyalay’ Application Launched For Movement Of Files: CISF.

National

9

Unified Geologic Map Of The Moon: 1st Ever Digital Geological Map Of Moon Released By US Geological Survey.

International

10

Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute Developed Magnetic Nanoparticle-Based RNA Extraction Kit For PCR And LAMP Tests For COVID-19.

International

11

IIT-Delhi Develops First Low Cost Probe Free Detection Assay Approved By ICMR.

National

12

Chinese Space Day On Apr 24,2020: Mars Mission Named As Tianwen-1 & Its Logo Launched.

International

13

IIITM-K Develops AI Search Engine For COVID-19 Studies.

National

14

Brazilian Astronomers Discover 19 Interstellar Asteroids Between Jupiter & Neptune.

International

15

Olympic Silver Medallist Mathias Boe Announces Retirement From International Badminton.

National & International

16

Former Pakistan Skipper Sana Mir Announces Retirement From International Cricket.

International

17

Eminent Theater Actor Ushaganguly Passed Away At 75.

National

Current Affairs 27 April 2020

1

COVID-19: Home Ministry Constitutes 5 New Central Teams To Enhance Virus Surveillance.

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has constituted 5 new Inter-Ministerial Central Teams (IMCTs) to review the grave situation arising out of Coronavirus (COVID-19), taking the total of such teams to 11.

2

IIT Kharagpur Ranked 57th In THE’s 2nd Edition Of Impact Rankings 2020.

The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagapur) has achieved India’s best ever result in a Time Higher Education global ranking, coming in at the 57th place of 766 universities across 89 countries and regions. Released on April 22, the second edition of THE’s new Impact Rankings uses the United Nations’ (UN) 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to throw light on unsung actions.

IIT Kharagapur delivered “a fantastic performance in the individual SDGs rankings achieving 4th in the world for SDG6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), 6th for SDG2 (Zero Hunger), 13th for SDG13 (Climate Action), joint 21st for SDG1 (No Poverty) and 24th for SDG7 (Affordable and Clean Energy)”, THE said in its rankings report.

Of the 28 Indian universities that participated, 26 made it to the overall ranking table. Among Indian institutes, IIT Madras achieved a top 16th position for SDG9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) and is at 32 in world for SDG6 (Clean Water & Sanitation). The ranking report arrives less than a week after seven of the best-known IITs, including IIT Kharagpur, announced they were boycotting THE’s global rankings due to concerns over transparency.

3

World Bank Ties-Up With AIMA To Organize Virtual Workshop On “Contract Management During Emergency Situations”.

The World Bank (WB) has entered into a tie-up with the All-India Management Association (AIMA) to offer a diploma course in Public Procurement, in an attempt to make the public tendering practices in India at par with international standards. The course will be introduced in the State in the first week of November.

The course will be launched at the Kochi-based Veer Savarkar Institute of Business Studies (VSIBS), which is the Nodal centre of the AIMA in Kerala. “There is no uniform process in public procurement in the country. The course will help the students familiarise with the process stipulated by the World Bank,” said VSIBS managing director P V Arun.

The six-month course will feature e-learning, instructor-led-sessions, self-study and social learning. The delivery of the course will be governed by the Charter for Public Procurement Studies (CPPS). At the end of the online and offline training sessions, a summative assessment will be made. On successful completion of the programme, a certificate issued jointly by the World Bank and the AIMA will be given to students.

4

Transcorp Becomes The 1st Non-Bank Company To Receive RBI Nod To Enter Into Co-Branding Arrangements.

Transcorp cards are highly customizable and, with the approval of RBI, can now be co-branded with a partner organization’s logo; as well as restrict certain merchant categories as per the client’s requirements.

Transcorp International Ltd has received RBI nod for entering into co-branding arrangements for Prepaid Instruments that can be used in over 35 lakh stores and online gateways. With this, Transcorp has become one of the first non-bank companies to obtain this authorization from RBI, the company said in a statement. Transcorp will be launching API based co-branded partnerships for Digital, Physical and Contactless cards with select marquee clients on its own BINs. These cards can be used by partners, financial institutions and corporate houses to facilitate their core business activities while allowing safe transactions to serve their existing and new customers even if they do not have a bank account.

In a statement, the company said, Transcorp has leveraged its PPI license (which is the same license held by leading mobile-wallet operators in India) to operate. In line with the Government’s initiatives of cashless India and to promote safe transactions by eliminating the handling of currency, Transcorp launched Multi-Wallet Prepaid cards which has become the gold standard for expenses, incentives and reimbursements across business houses.

5

CARE Ratings Projected 1.1%-1.2% GDP Growth In FY21; Declined For FY20 To 4.7% From 5%.

GDP data for the third quarter is a positive surpise at 4.7%.GVA or gross value added is20 basis points lower at 4.5%. For the FY20, the GDP estimate remains static at 5%. Mining sector growth comes in at 3.2% Y-o-y. Farm sector growth has come in at 4.5%.

And though the Indian economy so far has remained immune to the infection, it is seen that India being densely populated too may feel its heat. Analysts at Kotak Mahindra view GDP to remain at the same levels at 4.5% as recorded in the previous quarter ended September. However some expect the economic growth to slightly pick up to 4.7% levels.

6

ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund Bharat-22 ETF Picks Shares Worth Rs.59 Crore In NALCO.

ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund Bharat22 ETF on Friday picked up shares worth nearly Rs 59 crore in National Aluminium Company (NALCO) through an open market transaction. According to bulk deal data on the National Stock Exchange (NSE), over 1.71 crore shares were purchased at an average price of Rs 34.43 apiece.

6

ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund Bharat-22 ETF Picks Shares Worth Rs.59 Crore In NALCO.

ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund Bharat22 ETF on Friday picked up shares worth nearly Rs 59 crore in National Aluminium Company (NALCO) through an open market transaction. According to bulk deal data on the National Stock Exchange (NSE), over 1.71 crore shares were purchased at an average price of Rs 34.43 apiece.

7

IIFL Wealth Acquires The Entire Holdings Of LTCM.

IIFL Wealth Management on Friday announced completing the acquisition of 100 percent equity shares of L&T Capital Markets (LTCM) for Rs 230 crore. LTCM is a wholly-owned subsidiary of L&T Finance Holdings Limited (LTFH) which provides wealth management services for individual and institutional clients.

8

‘E-Karyalay’ Application Launched For Movement Of Files: CISF.

An e-office application, that enables movement of files and documents without physical touch, has been launched for usage in the 1.62 lakh personnel-strong Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) to prevent coronavirus infection, officials said on Friday.

The application called ‘e-karyalay’ (electronic office) has been designed by the in-house technical team of the force. This is an application, which mimics each and every function of traditional file movement in CISF. To handle various securities related concerns and to pace with the existing standard, it embodies the digital signature features.

“This application has been hosted at CISF cloud with all security arrangements in place to safeguard the data,” CISF spokesperson Assistant Inspector General (AIG) Hemendra Singh said.

9

Unified Geologic Map Of The Moon: 1st Ever Digital Geological Map Of Moon Released By US Geological Survey.

The first ever digital, unified, global, geological map of the moon was released virtually by the  United States Geological Survey (USGS), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) and the Lunar Planetary Institute on April 22, 2020.

The map is a ‘seamless, globally consistent, 1:5,000,000-scale geologic map’. Called the ‘Unified Geologic Map of the Moon’, it will serve as a blueprint for future human missions and a source of research and analysis for the educators and the general public interested in lunar geology. The moon the closest cosmic body to Earth through which space discovery can be attempted and documented has always piqued the interest of humanity.

S Harrel, a NASA Space Grant student, mapped the surface features of the moon which included crater rim crests, buried crater rim crests, fissures, grabens, scarps, mare wrinkle ridges, faults, troughs, rilles, and lineaments. The researchers built on the original digital renovation of the six 1:5,000,000-scale lunar geologic maps comprising of the near, central far, east, west, north and south sides that was released in 2013. The final map consists of 43 geologic units across the entire lunar surface, broken down into groups based on characteristics like materials of craters, basins, terra, plains and volcanic units.

Data from recent satellite missions to the moon and resources data from NASA’s Apollo Missions were used to come up with the map. “People have always been fascinated by the moon and when we might return,” current USGS Director and former NASA astronaut, Jim Reilly, said. “So, it is wonderful to see USGS create a resource that can help NASA with their planning for future missions,” he added.

This version of the map is a digital release only available in GIS and PDF formats. The map can be downloaded from the Unified Geologic Map of the Moon website. “This map is a culmination of a decades-long project,” said Corey Fortezzo, USGS geologist and lead author. “It provides vital information for new scientific studies by connecting the exploration of specific sites on the moon with the rest of the lunar surface.” The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chandrayaan 2, is an active mission that targets the Lunar South Pole for exploration.

The moon’s South Pole is especially interesting because the area is much larger than the North Pole and there could be possibility of presence of water in these permanently shadowed areas. Further, the South Pole region also contains the fossil record of the early Solar System.

Like Chandrayan, other moon missions like the Artemis (human spaceflight programme), that is a crewed exploration programme of Nasa, plan to send humans to the Lunar South Pole by 2024 and in due course of time, establish a permanent presence on the moon.

10

Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute Developed Magnetic Nanoparticle-Based RNA Extraction Kit For PCR And LAMP Tests For COVID-19.

Chitra Magna, an innovative RNA extraction kit, has been developed by Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), an Institution of National Importance under the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India, as an innovative technology for isolating RNA from swabs for COVID 19 tests.

SARS-COV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19 pandemic, is an RNA virus– a long single-stranded polymeric substance present in all living cells that carries the genetic information of the organism necessary for life. One of the critical steps in detecting this virus is by confirming the presence of the RNA of the virus in the sample taken from the throat or nose. The sample collected is transported under specified conditions in a viral transport medium to the testing laboratory.

The protocol for the kit uses magnetic nanoparticles to capture and concentrate the RNA from the patient sample. This is of significant advantage because even if some viral RNA disintegrates during storage and transportation of the patient samples, all of it is captured by the magnetic bead-based extraction technology. The magnetic nanoparticle beads bind to the viral RNA and, when exposed to a magnetic field, give a highly purified and concentrated level of RNA. As the yield of PCR or LAMP test is dependent on getting an adequate quantity of viral RNA, this innovation enhances the chances of identifying positive cases. The Institute has filed for a patent for this technology, which is simpler than in imported kits.

Chitra Magna can be used to extract high purity RNA from patient samples not only for LAMP testing but also for the RT-PCR test. The first step of isolating high quality and high concentration of RNA without degradation is critical to the outcome of the PCR or LAMP test in which RNA is converted to DNA. Barring a few Indian manufacturers, the majority of RNA isolation kits are imported, and its non-availability often becomes a severe bottleneck for RT-PCR testing in large numbers across the country.

“An efficient way of capturing and concentrating the RNA from patient samples is the first critical step in the confirmatory tests of the COVID-19 virus. The innovative process of conjugating the RNA with magnetic nanoparticles and increasing their concentration in one place by applying a magnetic field is a breakthrough that allowed the high sensitivity of newly developed RT-LAMP test from SCTIMST. Indeed, multidisciplinary and lateral thinking are the hallmarks of good science, with this example fitting the bill!” said Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST.

The technology of Chitra Magna has been transferred to the Agappe Diagnostics Ltd Ernakulam. The company has already taken the Chitra GeneLAMP-N technology, which uses RT-LAMP for identification of the N gene of SARS-COV-2. It is a potential confirmatory test with accuracy matching RT-PCR in its initial validation at NIV by ICMR. The test kits are now being validated in larger test samples for ICMR approval, followed by a commercial manufacturing license from DCGI. Dr. Anoop Thekkuveettil and his team, who developed Chitra GeneLAMP–N has developed the technology of Chitra Magna. All technology transfers of Sree Chitra are nonexclusive. Sree Chitra is an Institute of national importance under the department of Science and Technology, Govt of India.

11

IIT-Delhi Develops First Low Cost Probe Free Detection Assay Approved By ICMR.

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi has developed a COVID-19 test kit, which has got the approval of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). “We started working on it by the end of January and got it ready in three months. We wanted to contribute to affordable low-cost diagnostics that could be used in large numbers,” V Perumal, Professor at IIT-Delhi, told ANI.

Perumal said that it is a swab testing kit. “Testing will be cheaper than all existing devices,” he said, adding that the device is affordable for commercial production.

ICMR had on Thursday approved detection assay for COVID-19, which has been developed by researchers at IIT-Delhi’s Kusuma School of Biological Sciences (KSBS). “The assay has been validated at the ICMR with a sensitivity and specificity of 100 per cent. This makes IIT-Delhi the first academic institute to have obtained ICMR approval for a real-time PCR-based diagnostic assay,” read a statement from IIT-Delhi.

12

Chinese Space Day On Apr 24,2020: Mars Mission Named As Tianwen-1 & Its Logo Launched.

China has named its first Mars exploration mission as ‘Tianwen-1’. The announcement was made on April 24, 2020, the same day when the nation celebrated ‘Space Day’ to mark the 50th anniversary of the launch of its first-ever satellite ‘Dong Fang Hong-1’ in 1970.

13

IIITM-K Develops AI Search Engine For COVID-19 Studies.

State-run Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management – Kerala (IIITM-K) has developed an AI Semantic search engine to enable researchers to get deeper insights into scientific studies, especially when they need to find an early solution to the COVID-19 crisis has resulted in a large set of complex scientific information. Named ‘www.vilokana.in’, which in Sanskrit means ‘finding out’, the search engine is developed by a team led by A.P. James, Professor at Centre for Artificial General Intelligence and Neuromorphic Systems (neuro GI), IIITM-K, as part of the open science initiative of the research centre.

The search engine will guide the researchers to the right information very fast. This makes easy the contextual search of information from the vast domain of scientific literature, which is a difficult problem faced by scientists and common people to get deeper insights into scientific studies. “A good initiative in the fight against COVID times, as such AI tools can help extract contextual insights from research articles,” said Saji Gopinath, CEO, Kerala Startup Mission and Director of IIITM-K.

The user can supply key-words based queries, the meaning of which the search engine will be able to understand and find the relevant text from the scientific papers. The user also has the option to upload any scientific text for analysis, which can be used for sentiment analysis and knowledge discovery.

14

Brazilian Astronomers Discover 19 Interstellar Asteroids Between Jupiter & Neptune.

The Solar System has been here for a long time. So, when ‘Oumuamua was spotted in 2017, it was almost a dead cert it wasn’t the only object from interstellar space to visit us over that 4.57 billion-year history. Then comet 2I/Borisov showed up last year. That basically clinched it.

But where are the rest of our interstellar visitors? We’ll probably find a few more flying in from the wilds in the coming years. And, according to new research, a whole bunch of interstellar asteroids have been hanging out right here in the Solar System for a very long time.

Based on how they move around the Sun, a team of researchers has identified 19 asteroids they think were captured from another star, way back when the Solar System was just a few million years old.

15

Olympic Silver Medallist Mathias Boe Announces Retirement From International Badminton.

Olympic doubles silver medallist Boe announces retirement from badminton. Former doubles world number one Mathias Boe of Denmark has announced his retirement from badminton at the age of 39. Boe, silver medallist in the men’s doubles at the 2012 Olympic Games in London, had been the oldest active player at elite level.

16

Former Pakistan Skipper Sana Mir Announces Retirement From International Cricket.

Former Pakistan women’s skipper Sana Mir on Saturday announced her retirement from international cricket, ending a 15 year long illustrious career. Mir featured in 226 international matches for Pakistan, including 137 as captain from 2009 to 2017.

17

Eminent Theatre Actor Ushaganguly Passed Away At 75.

Eminent theatre artiste Usha Ganguly passed away at her residence in Kolkata after suffering a cardiac arrest on Thursday moning. She was 75. Ganguly is survived by her son. One of the most iconic figures of Bengal’s political theatre, Ganguly was living all by herself in a flat in south Kolkata. She had lost her brother a few days ago and was still in shock. 

Ganguly, who founded Rangakarmee in 1976, was known for creating a platform for women in theatre, which is also primarily dominated by males. As an actor-director, Ganguly established herself as an important figure without ever compromising on her ideological stance. Mahabhoj, Lok Katha, Holi, Court Martial, Rudali, Himmat Mai, Manto aur Manto, and Kashinama are some of her most memorable productions.

She was part of the cast of Goutam Ghose’s film, Paar (1984), and worked on the script of Raincoat (2004), a Hindi film directed by the late Rituparno Ghosh.

Ganguly worked as a Hindi teacher in Bhawanipore Education Society College for 37 years. In 1976, she founded her theatre group, Rangakarmee. Her non-conformist productions, which were predominantly in Hindi, dealt with a wide range of subjects, drawing inspiration from icons like Rabindrath Tagore, Henrik Ibsen and Bertolt Brecht. She was also a trained danseuse and it reflected in her stage production and choreography.

0 Reviews

Write a Review

mlandofficial

Read Previous

SEBI Recruitment 2020 – Apply Date Extend for Officer Grade A – Assistant Manager Posts

Read Next

Current Affairs 28 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

shares