Current Affairs 26 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

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Current Affairs Content

News Type

1

BRO (Border Roads Organization) Opens Rohtang Pass Connecting Lahaul & Spiti District Of Himachal Pradesh With The Rest Of The Country.

National

2

CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan Launches Jeevan Shakti Yojana In MP; Women In Urban Areas To Get Rs. 11 For Each Mask Made By Them At Home.

National

3

AP Govt. Launches Mobile App ‘Covid Pharma’ To Keep A Track Of People Purchasing Medicines Over-The-Counter (OTC) For Cough, Cold And Fever.

National

4

The Government Has Allowed Opening Of Certain Categories Of Shops During COVID-19 Lockdown.

National

5

Sale By E-Commerce Companies Will Continue To Be Permitted For Essential Goods Only.

National

6

Saudi Arabia Abolishes Flogging As A Punishment.

International

7

COVID-19: UNCTAD predicts $3.4 trillion debt for developing countries.

International

8

April 25 – International Delegate’s Day Observed By The UN.

International

9

April 25 – World Malaria Day Observed With The Theme ‘Zero Malaria Starts With Me’.

National & International

10

IICT Collaborated LAXAI Life Sciences To Reduce Dependency For Apis And Drug Intermediates.

National & International

11

CSIR-NBRI Scientist Develops Herbal Decongestant Spray On Mask To Protect From Suffocation.

National & International

12

INST Scientists Develops Nanomaterial To Disinfect Garments Under Visible Light Exposure.

National

13

Hubble Space Telescope Celebrates 30th Anniversary.

International

14

International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day Is Observed On 26 April.

International

1

BRO (Border Roads Organization) Opens Rohtang Pass Connecting Lahaul & Spiti District Of Himachal Pradesh With The Rest Of The Country.

Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has opened Rohtang Pass (13,500 feet above sea level) today, more than three weeks in advance amid Covid-19 lockdown after clearing snow. It is the arterial road connecting Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh from rest of the country. The pass was opened on May 18, last year. 

Himachal Pradesh Government had approached BRO to expedite the snow clearance to facilitate return of farmers for starting cultivation and movement of essential supplies and to bring relief materials to Lahaul Valley in wake of COVID-19.

BRO inducted hi-tech machinery from both Manali and Khoksar side. Snow blizzards, freezing temperatures and frequent triggering of avalanches at Rahala Fall, Beas Nallah and Rani Nallah did delay the operations but the snow clearance teams kept on working relentlessly day and night with all COVID-19 precautions to provide relief to the residents of Lahaul valley.     

First convoy of vehicles carrying essential supplies and approximately 150 farmers moved to Lahual Valley today, guided by BRO thus officially opening the Rohtang pass this year. The news of Rohtang Pass being opened for traffic three weeks in advance as compared to previous year has brought relief amongst the local population. It will facilitate the Centre and State Governments to bring much needed relief material and medical supplies for the local population. Also, the agriculture activities which are the backbone of the District can now recommence. 

Snow clearance operation for the opening of the pass is carried out every year as the pass remains snow bound for almost six months i.e. from mid-November to mid-May. It was kept open till December 12, 2019. The complete valley remains dependent on air maintenance for any external logistics/supplies during winters. 

Meanwhile, to augment the Government’s  efforts against COVID-19 all personnel of Border Roads Organisationhave collectively contributed One Crore Rupees to the PM CARES Fund over and above One Day Salary.

2

CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan Launches Jeevan Shakti Yojana In MP; Women In Urban Areas To Get Rs. 11 For Each Mask Made By Them At Home.

The Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh launched Jeevan-Shakti Yojana at Mantralaya today. Under the scheme, women will prepare masks at homes in the urban areas and earn profit. The Government will give Rs. 11 per mask to them immediately. While interacting through video conferencing with the women who have registered for making masks, Shri Chouhan said that they will not only earn profit by preparing the masks but will also participate in a pious work. Masks will save people’s life and prevent the infection from spreading. The Chief Minister interacted with Rabia Khan of Bhopal, Saina Bi- Neemuch, Brinda Ahirwar- Raisen, Varsha Joshi-Indore, Garima -Ujjain and Noori- Guna through video conferencing and informed them as regard to the manufacturing of masks.

Chouhan informed that women wishing to make masks are required to register themselves by calling the call center number 0755-2700800 by their telephone or mobile phone. After registration, they will get the order to make the mask on the mobile itself. They will get order for minimum 200 masks at a time. The mask is to be made of cotton cloth. After preparing the masks, they will deliver the masks to the nodal officer of their urban body. A process to make payment will be initiated as soon as they deliver the masks and they will receive the payment in their account on the same day or the next day.

3

AP Govt. Launches Mobile App ‘Covid Pharma’ To Keep A Track Of People Purchasing Medicines Over-The-Counter (OTC) For Cough, Cold And Fever.

The Medical and Health Department of Andhra Pradesh on Saturday launched ‘Covid Pharma’, a mobile application to keep a track of people purchasing medicines over-the-counter (OTC) for cough, cold and fever from medical stores across the state. Using the App, the respective pharmacies will have to take down details of persons, including their mobile number, making OTC purchase of medicines for such common ailments and report to the government.

“In the prevailing scenario, this will help us in easily tracing persons with any likely symptoms of coronavirus,” Commissioner of Health Katamaneni Baskar said. Even those buying those medicines with a prescription should be reported.

The medical shops association has consented to collect details of persons making such purchases and share with the health department for better monitoring, he said. Meanwhile, the state government recruited 1,174 doctors on a temporary basis for a year to meet the emergent requirements in view of the prevailing coronavirus pandemic. Most of these doctors would be posted in the COVID-19 hotbed districts like Kurnool, Guntur, Krishna and Chittoor, Baskar said. “We have received over 1,800 applications for these posts and we have selected 1,174 from them,” he added.

4

The Government Has Allowed Opening Of Certain Categories Of Shops During COVID-19 Lockdown.

Shops selling electric fans have been allowed to stay open by the government after the government issued new relaxations on April 21. India is under a lockdown till May 3 to restrict the spread of the deadly coronavirus.

The ministry of home affairs had on April 15 issued a set of guidelines that allowed manufacturing firms to resume in non-containment zones subject to safety protocols being followed from April 20 onwards. To this, shops of educational books for children and electric fan shops have been added by MHA on April 21. Self-employed persons like plumbers and electricians as well as certain agriculture-linked activities were also allowed in non-hotspots on the condition that standard protocols of hygiene and social distancing are  followed.

Electrical goods firms had sought permission from the government to sell essential products like wires and fans. Fans are an essential commodity across India which faces extreme heat from mid-March to June. While a nod has been given, it is not clear that for how long can the stores can operate and terms/conditions to open stores.

5

Sale By E-Commerce Companies Will Continue To Be Permitted For Essential Goods Only.

It was announced that sale by e-commerce companies like Flipkart, Amazon and others, will only be permitted for essential goods. “It is clarified that sale by E-commerce companies will continue to be permitted for essential goods only,” said MHA in order no. 40-3/2020-DM-I(A).

6

Saudi Arabia Abolishes Flogging As A Punishment.

Saudi Arabia has abolished flogging as a legal punishment in response to criticism of its use of corporal punishment, the Supreme Court has announced. Hundreds of lashes could previously be ordered for a variety of offences, including murder, extramarital sex and breach of the peace.

7

COVID-19: UNCTAD predicts $3.4 trillion debt for developing countries.

Developing countries’ repayments on their public external debt alone will soar to between 2.6 trillion and 3.4 trillion USD in 2020 and 2021, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has said in a new report while calling for a global debt deal to prevent COVID-19 pandemic from spreading economic disaster.

“The international community should urgently take more steps to relieve the mounting financial pressure that debt payments are exerting on developing countries as they get to grips with the economic shock of COVID-19,” said UNCTAD Secretary General Mukhisa Kituyi while releasing the report titled ‘From the Great Lockdown to the Great Meltdown.’ The world is facing an unprecedented health and economic emergency due to the novel coronavirus disease, said the report. It is the developing countries, however, that will be the most affected with a wall of debt service repayments throughout the 2020s.

In 2020 and 2021 alone, repayments on their public external debt are estimated to be nearly 3.4 trillion dollars — between 2 trillion and 2.3 trillion dollars in high-income developing countries and between 666 billion and 1.06 trillion dollars in middle and low-income countries. The financial turmoil from the crisis has triggered record portfolio capital outflows from emerging economies and sharp currency devaluations in developing countries, making servicing their debts more onerous, said the report. The countries will face a hard time repaying the debt in time — the crisis will trigger record portfolio capital outflows from emerging economies and sharp currency devaluations in developing countries, according to the report.

“Recent calls for international solidarity point in the right direction,” said Richard Kozul Wright, Director of UNCTAD’s Globalisation Division that produced the report, “but have so far delivered little tangible support for developing countries as they tackle the immediate impacts of the pandemic and its economic repercussions.” The reports called for automatic temporary standstills, debt relief and programmes restructuring, and an international developing country debt authority to provide macroeconomic ‘breathing space’ for all crisis-stricken developing countries.

On March 30, UNCTAD called for a 2.5 trillion dollars coronavirus crisis package for developing countries. Even prior to the COVID-19 crisis, many of these countries faced high and rising shares of their government revenues going to debt repayments, squeezing health and social expenditures.

8

April 25 – International Delegate’s Day Observed By The UN.

International Delegate’s Day marks the anniversary of the first day of the San Francisco Conference, also known as the United Nations Conference on International Organization. On 25 April 1945, delegates from fifty countries came together for the first time in San Francisco.

9

April 25 – World Malaria Day Observed With The Theme ‘Zero Malaria Starts With Me’.

In the lead-up to this year’s World Malaria Day, countries across the globe are in the throes of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. While cases of the novel coronavirus in malaria-affected countries currently represent only a small proportion of the global total, the situation is evolving rapidly. WHO underlines the critical importance of sustaining efforts to prevent, detect and treat malaria, using best practices to protect health workers and communities from COVID-19 infection. On World Malaria Day 2020, WHO joins the RBM Partnership to End Malaria in promoting “Zero malaria starts with me”, a grassroots campaign that aims to keep malaria high on the political agenda, mobilize additional resources, and empower communities to take ownership of malaria prevention and care.

We know that through country leadership and collective action, we can radically reduce suffering and death from malaria. Between 2000 and 2014, the number of malaria-related deaths fell by 40% worldwide, from an estimated 743 000 to 446 000.  But in recent years, progress has ground to a standstill. According to WHO’s World malaria report 2019, there were no global gains in reducing new infections over the period 2014 to 2018. And nearly as many people died from malaria in 2018 as the year before.

Urgent action is needed to get back on track, and ownership of the challenge lies in the hands of countries most affected by malaria. The “Zero malaria” campaign engages all members of society: political leaders who control government policy decisions and budgets; private sector companies that will benefit from a malaria-free workforce; and communities affected by malaria, whose buy-in and ownership of malaria control interventions is critical to success. Join us in our shared effort to get to zero malaria.

10

IICT Collaborated LAXAI Life Sciences To Reduce Dependency For Apis And Drug Intermediates.

The Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) has announced a collaboration with LAXAI LifeSciences to develop and manufacture Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) and Intermediates, to help reduce the dependency of the Indian pharmaceutical sector on the Chinese imports.

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