Current Affairs 23 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

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Current Affairs Content

News Type

1

Narendra Tomar Participates In G-20 Extraordinary Agriculture Ministers Meeting.

National

2

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute Becomes 1st In Country To Carry Out Plasma Research In View Of Covid-19.

National

3

Government-Appointed Committee Suggests Restructure Of GDP Data & Other Estimates For States.

National

4

India Slipped Two Places To 142nd On Global Press Freedom Index 2020; Norway Tops.

National

5

COVID-19 Could Double Number Facing Acute Hunger; $350mn Needed For Containment: UN GRFC 2020.

National

6

UN Member States Demand ‘Equitable’ Access To Any COVID-19 Vaccines.

International

7

Adam Higginbotham’s Midnight In Chernobyl Wins William E. Colby Award 2020.

International

8

PV Sindhu Named As Ambassador For BWF’s ‘I Am Badminton’ Campaign.

National

9

Rakesh Sharma, Bajaj Auto Executive Director Appointed As IMMA President.

National & International

10

 Facebook Buys 9.99% Stake In Reliance Jio, Largest FDI In India’s Tech Sector.

National & International

11

Pune Municipal Corporation Designs ‘Saiyam App’ To Track Home Quarantined People.

National

12

TDB Approves Funds For MYLAB For Production Of COVID-19 Diagnostic Kits.

National & International

13

IIT Team Develops Magnetic RAM To Enable Higher Data Storage & Faster Computation.

National

14

ARI Researchers Developed “Bug Sniffer” For Detection Of Pathogens In 30 Minutes.

National

15

Iran’s Alireza Firouzja Beats World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen To Win Banter Blitz Cup 2020.

International

16

Tom And Jerry, Popeye Director Gene Deitch Passes Away At 95.

International

17

April 22 – International Mother Earth Day 2020.

International

18

Gujarat’s Water Conservation Scheme Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan Initiated Amid Lockdown.

National

19

Himachal Pradesh Starts To Use E-Sanjeevani-Opd.

National

Detailed Description On Current Affairs 23 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs.

1

Narendra Tomar Participates In G-20 Extraordinary Agriculture Ministers Meeting.

Shri Narendra Singh Tomar participates in the G-20 Extraordinary Agriculture Ministers Meeting through Video Conferencing on the issue of COVID-19 impacts on food security, safety and nutrition. Shri Tomar shared Indian Government’s decision to exempt all agriculture operations during lockdown period while adhering to social distancing protocol G-20 agriculture ministers declaration accepted; calls for international cooperation, avoid food wastages, maintain food supply value chain continuity across borders

Union Agriculture Minister Shri Narendra Singh Tomar participated in an Extraordinary virtual meeting of G-20 Agriculture Ministers today to address the issue of COVID-19 impacts on food security, safety and nutrition. He shared the decision of Government of India to exempt all agriculture operations during lockdown period and ensuring continued availability of essential agriculture produce and supply, while adhering to protocol of social distancing, health and hygiene. Shri Tomar highlighted that the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has been at the forefront of supporting countries to tide over this crisis in various ways and that agriculture will not lag behind, consistent with the needs of our citizens.

The G-20 Agriculture Ministers virtual meeting was organized through video conferencing by the Saudi Presidency to deliberate on the ways and means of ensuring continuity of food supply value chain including livelihood of farmers. It was attended by Agriculture Ministers of all G-20 members, some guest countries and International organizations. Shri Tomar welcomed the initiative taken by Saudi Arabia to bring the G-20 countries together.

Later, a declaration of G-20 agriculture ministers was accepted. The G-20 nations resolved to have international cooperation in the backdrop of COVID-19 pandemic, to avoid food wastages and losses, maintain the continuity of food supply value chain across borders. They also resolved to work together for food security and nutrition, share best practices and lessons learnt, promote research, responsible investments, innovations and reforms that will improve the sustainability and resilience of agriculture and food systems. The G-20 nations also agreed to develop science based international guidelines on stricter safety and hygienic measures for  zoonosis control.

2

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute Becomes 1st In Country To Carry Out Plasma Research In View Of Covid-19.

In Gujarat, the total number of Covid 19 cases crossed 2000 mark today with 127 fresh cases reported in the last 15 hours. Maximum 67 cases have been reported from Surat followed by 50 from Ahmedabad. Meanwhile, Ahmedabad based Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Medical Science and Research became the first authorized study centre in the country to carry out plasma research under trial in view of Covid 19. The MoU was signed between ICMR and the institute in this regard yesterday night.

AIR correspondent reports, SVP institute is a government hospital run by City Municipal Corporation which has become a major treatment centre for Covid 19 patients. Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation Commissioner Vijay Nehra said the institute has successfully identified the potential donors for the research and started collecting their plasma. He said plasma transfusion was successfully done on the first recipient yesterday whose condition is stable now.. He said in the coming days, more such transfusions will be carried out as part of the research of using the therapy for Covid 19 treatment. Meanwhile, the Institute has also successfully done the C Section delivery of 30 year old Covid 19 patient yesterday which is first such case in the state. Looking at the success of the institute in the fight against Covid 19, AMC decided to double the bed capacity of the hospital from the current 500 beds to 1000 beds from tomorrow. 

3

Government-Appointed Committee Suggests Restructure Of GDP Data & Other Estimates For States.

The government has come out with a linked back-series of India’s growth numbers from 1950-51 to 2003-04, with 2011-12 as the base year, to align gross domestic product numbers from past years with the new internationally accepted methodology and facilitate comparisons.

“Whenever a new series of National Accounts Statistics is introduced with an updated base period, it is customary to link the old series to the series on the new base period,” the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation said in a statement on Friday.

4

India Slipped Two Places To 142nd On Global Press Freedom Index 2020; Norway Tops.

India has dropped two places on a global press freedom index to be ranked 142nd out of 180 countries in the annual Reporters Without Borders analysis released on Tuesday. ‘The World Press Freedom Index 2020’ said that with no murders of journalists in India in 2019, as against six in 2018, the security situation for the country’s media might seem, on the face of it, to have improved.

“However, there have been constant press freedom violations, including police violence against journalists, ambushes by political activists, and reprisals instigated by criminal groups or corrupt local officials,” it said. It attributed the decline in index to “pressure on the media to toe the Hindu nationalist government’s line”. The “coordinated hate campaigns” waged on social networks against journalists who dare to speak or write about subjects that annoy Hindutva followers are “alarming”, it said.

5

COVID-19 Could Double Number Facing Acute Hunger; $350mn Needed For Containment: UN GRFC 2020.

The number of people from 50 countries in food crisis rose by nearly 10% to 123 million people from 112 million in 2019 edition. The 10 countries faced worst food crisis in 2019 by number of people in Crisis are Yemen, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan, Venezuela, Ethiopia,, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Nigeria and Haiti.

6

UN Member States Demand ‘Equitable’ Access To Any COVID-19 Vaccines.

The 193 members of the UN General Assembly on Monday adopted by consensus a resolution that calls for “equitable, efficient and timely” access to any future vaccines developed to fight coronavirus. The resolution also highlights the “crucial leading role” played by the World Health Organization, which has faced criticism from Washington and others about its handling of the pandemic.

The resolution, which was drafted by Mexico and received U.S. support, calls for strengthening the “scientific international cooperation necessary to combat COVID-19 and to bolster coordination,” including with the private sector.

7

Adam Higginbotham’s Midnight In Chernobyl Wins William E. Colby Award 2020.

Adam Higginbotham has won the 2020 William E. Colby Award for his book, “Midnight in Chernobyl: The Untold Story of the World’s Greatest Nuclear Disaster.” Higginbotham’s narrative nonfiction and feature writing has appeared in magazines including GQ, The New Yorker and The New York Times Magazine.

8

PV Sindhu Named As Ambassador For BWF’s ‘I Am Badminton’ Campaign.

The Badminton World Federation (BWF) on Wednesday named Indian shuttler PV Sindhu as one of the ambassadors for its ‘I am badminton’ awareness campaign. The campaign provides a platform for which players are able to express their love and respect for badminton by advocating and committing to clean and honest play.

9

Rakesh Sharma, Bajaj Auto Executive Director Appointed As IMMA President.

The International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA) on Wednesday said it has appointed Bajaj Auto Executive Director (ED) Rakesh Sharma as its president. Sharma had been previously holding office as vice-president in IMMA, elected in May 2019.

10

 Facebook Buys 9.99% Stake In Reliance Jio, Largest FDI In India’s Tech Sector.

Reliance Jio, the telecom unit of Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), has sold a 9.99 per cent stake to US tech giant Facebook for $5.7 billion, or Rs 43,574 crore, in a deal that puts the pre-money enterpise value of Jio Platforms at Rs 4.62 lakh crore.

11

Pune Municipal Corporation Designs ‘Saiyam App’ To Track Home Quarantined People.

In order to effectively track the home-quarantines citizens and ensure they are actually staying in the home, a mobile application named Saiyam has been developed by the Pune Municipal Corporation under Smart Cities Mission (SCM).

City administration has taken administrative measures complemented by technology solutions to monitor home quarantined citizens. The city administration has appointed dedicated teams for five zones to conduct a follow-up with people under home quarantine on a daily basis. The teams will check on people who have recently returned from international trips and those discharged after treatment for COVID-19. Accordingly, the teams will seek updates from quarantined people on their health status and details of persons in contact with them. For persons sporting the home quarantine stamp, the teams will check if separate food, bed, utensils, clothes and washrooms are provided to them.

The teams will check if those under home quarantine have downloaded the Saiyam Mobile Application. The Mobile Application has GPS tracking so that whenever quarantined citizens leave their homes, City Administration gets alerted and the local ward or the local police station gets informed, who then visit the family.

All the Home Quarantined citizens are given the mandate to download the app and install it. These identified citizens are advised to keep the GPS feature on the device always switched-on and the mobile device should be switched-on throughout the 24 hours, during the quarantine period. Citizens’ movements can be monitored centrally real-time from the monitoring cell and are marked as Red, Amber or Green. Red signifies that the person has ventured out for longer duration; Yellow signifies that the person has limited movements and Green signifies that the person is confined to house limits.

12

TDB Approves Funds For MYLAB For Production Of COVID-19 Diagnostic Kits.

The Technology Development Board (TDB), a statutory body of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has approved financial support to MyLab Discovery Solutions, Pune, for ramping up production of COVID-19 diagnostic kits they have developed. The company has submitted an application in response to its invitation for proposals for technologically innovative solutions towards fighting COVID-19.

Mylab Discovery Solutions is the first indigenous company to develop real-time PCR based molecular diagnostic kit that screens and detects COVID 19 from samples of people who display flu-like symptoms. With support from TDB, they will ramp up the production of the kits through automation of the facility from current manual process, thereby increasing its current capacity from 30000 tests per day to one lakh test per day. The company is expected to complete the automation within the next few months. This kit has been approved by ICMR and CDSCO. The kit will be deployed in a very short time, considering the national emergency.

TDB invited applications from Indian companies and enterprises to strengthen the nation’s core capacities in surveillance, infection prevention, control, laboratory support, and in particular, the preparedness in terms of isolation and ventilator management of critically ill patients for containing, preventing the spread of COVID-9 on March 20, 2020. TDB’s mandate is to provide financial assistance to private limited companies for the commercialization of Indigenous technologies. MyLab was one of the companies responding to the invitation.

The aim of this call was to strengthen the nation’s core capacities in surveillance, infection prevention/ control, laboratory support, and in particular, the preparedness in terms of isolation and ventilator management of critically ill patients for containing/ preventing the spread of COVID-9. As the critical need of the hour is to escalate testing, isolation and contact tracing so that the chain of spread can be broken, TDB has processed the first set of proposals related to these categories on priority, and the support was finalised after a stringent evaluation process involving experts from government and academic institutions like IITs, IISc, AIIMS, ICMR, DST, and DBT.

Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary DST & Chairman TDB, expressed, “Work in the times of virus has taught us an unprecedented intensity of purpose achieved with speed, efficiency, and quality, which should become the new normal post-COVID-19. Having a team of young professionals with energy and expertise always works!”

13

IIT Team Develops Magnetic RAM To Enable Higher Data Storage & Faster Computation.

Data storage concerns will soon be history with researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mandi, developing magnetic Random Access Memory (RAM) which is faster, more energy-efficient and capable of storing more information in a smaller volume than existing data storage technologies.

14

ARI Researchers Developed “Bug Sniffer” For Detection Of Pathogens In 30 Minutes.

For the rapid detection of pathogens, a device named “bug sniffer” has been developed by the researchers at the Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), Pune. Bug Sniffer is a sensitive and low-cost sensor which has been developed with the purpose of rapid detection of pathogens. The newly developed portable device has the capability to detect as low as ten bacterial cells from a sample size of one millilitre in time duration of just 30 minutes.

15

Iran’s Alireza Firouzja Beats World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen To Win Banter Blitz Cup 2020.

A 16-year-old Iranian chess prodigy has upended the chess world by beating World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen in the final of the Banter Blitz Cup.

Alireza Firouzja defeated the Norwegian 8.5-7.5 in the final of the online quickfire knockout contest — where players must comment verbally on their moves, and their opponents, during the game — to claim the $14,000 prize.

The Iranian is the second-youngest player to reach the 2700 Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) rating — the rankings that govern international chess competition.

After 7 months and 131 matches, the series of three-minute games involving 128 contestants ended in a final between the world champion since 2013 and the rising superstar.

16

Tom And Jerry, Popeye Director Gene Deitch Passes Away At 95.

Oscar-winning illustrator and animator, Gene Deitch, has passed away at the age of 95, according to media reports. Deitch, one the directors behind one of world’s most popular cartoons, Tom and Jerry, died in his apartment in Prague, his Czech publisher, Petr Himmel, told The Associated Press.

17

April 22 – International Mother Earth Day 2020.

International Mother Earth Day 2020 is celebrated to talk about the importance of nature and in mankind’s life. It is celebrated every year on April 22. International Mother Earth Day is celebrated every year on April 22.

18

Gujarat’s Water Conservation Scheme Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan Initiated Amid Lockdown.

(PTI) Amid the lockdown for the coronavirus outbreak, Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani on Tuesday gave the green signal for the third edition of his government”s ”Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan”, a conservation plan to deepen water bodies in the state before monsoon.

The scheme, which will continue till June 10, will see the deepening of lakes, check dams and rivers by removing silt, and it will be done with people”s participation as well as under MNREGA, said Ashwani Kumar, secretary, Chief Minister”s Office. He expressed confidence it would create employment opportunities for the rural population amid the lockdown, adding that norms in place to combat the coronavirus outbreak will be adhered to while carrying out works under the scheme.

“Apart from maintaining social distancing, local authorities need to provide masks and sanitizers to the workers,” he added. The soil excavated during the drive will be given free of cost to farmers, he told reporters in Gandhinagar.

19

Himachal Pradesh Starts To Use E-Sanjeevani-Opd.

The Himachal Pradesh government has started to use eSanjeevaniOPD through which free online medical consultation & general health advice will be provided to the people at their residence.

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