Current Affairs 14 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

Current Affairs 14 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

Top Current Affairs of the day: 14 April 2020. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 14 April 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 14 April 2020 granted here.

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Current Affairs Content

News Type

1

ICMR Nods: Kerala Becomes The First State To Commence Clinical Trial Plasma Therapy Treatment.

National

2

IFFCO Organizes Continual Awareness Campaigns ‘Break The CORONA Chain’ On Ground Zero.

National

3

OPEC And Russia Agreed To Cut Crude Oil Production Amid Coronavirus Crisis.

International

4

Global Trade To Fall By 13%-32% In 2020 Due To COVID-19.

International

5

Maxlife Insurance, YES Bank Extended Bancassurance Tie-Up For 5 Years, Dedicated FY21 As “Year Of The Customer”.

National

6

WB South Asia Economic Focus Reports, Indian Economy Grows At 1.5-2.8% In FY21 While South Asian At 1.8 – 2.8%.

National

7

India Becomes Top Hydroxychloroquine Producer & Exporter With 70% Annual Global Share.

National

8

UGC Constitutes 2 Expert Committees For Examination & Online Education.

National

9

Sara Ali Khan Appointed As The Ambassador Of JBL.

National

10

DPIIT Constitutes 25-Member Development Council For Pulp, Paper And Allied Industries Headed By A S Mehta.

National

11

China’s Central Bank Increases Its Stake To 1% In HDFC; SAMA Also Bought 0.7% Stake.

International

12

HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” Launched Web-Portal YUKTI In New Delhi.

National

13

Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog & National Informatics Centre (NIC) Jointly Launches Collabcad In ATL Schools.

National

14

DST Funds SBPL To Develop Immunodiagnostic Kits & Active Virosome Vaccine: COVID-19.

National

15

NIF Developed Herbal Dewormer “Wormivet” For Livestock Owners.

National

16

India To Host Asian Boxing Championships 2020 In Nov-Dec: BFI.

National

17

Japanese Filmmaker Obayashi, Who Portrayed War’s Horrors, Passed Away At 82.

International

18

Formula One Great Sir Stirling Moss Passed Away At 90.

International

19

Padma Bhushan Awardee And  Former Attorney General Ashok Desai Passed Away At 77.

National

20

International Day Of Human Space Flight 2020: April 12..

International

21

National Pet Day 2020: April 11.

National

22

Manipur Government Introduces ‘Food Bank’ Initiative For Poor And Needy People.

National

Detailed Description On Current Affairs 14 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs.

1

ICMR Nods: Kerala Becomes The First State To Commence Clinical Trial Plasma Therapy Treatment.

Kerala is set to become the first state in the country to commence convalescent plasma therapy, which uses antibodies from the blood of cured patients, to treat critically ill COVID-19 cases on a trial basis.

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has given its nod to the state government for the first of its kind project, initiated by the prestigious Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), a top official said. SCTIMST, an Institution of National Importance under the Union Department of Science and Technology, is expecting to start the trials by this month end once the required approvals from the Drugs Controller of India and the Ethics committee are received.

2

ICMR Approves Use Of TB Diagnostic Machine For Coronavirus.

Co-operative titan IFFCO is leading efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19 by organizing “Break the Corona Chain Social Awareness Campaign” on ‘Ground zero’ in different states across the country.

Under the banner of this social awareness campaign over 60 camps were organized. These camps are active among masses on a daily basis highlighting the preventive and precautionary measures among them. Under this campaign, aspects like Social distancing; sanitization; Maintaining a healthy diet and Prevention through- covering of face by masks / ‘Gamchha’ are being emphasized.

On their part, IFFCO employees are educating people on ways of prevention and containment of Coronavirus at more than 100 touchpoints and sale points, claimed a press release from the IFFCO PR. Also, over 3.5 Lakh Vitamin-C Tablets, 50,000 medicated soaps, 20,000 masks, 5,000 sanitizers and numerous medical kits were distributed at different locations all across India.

3

OPEC And Russia Agreed To Cut Crude Oil Production Amid Coronavirus Crisis.

OPEC and allies led by Russia agreed on Sunday to a record cut in output to prop up oil prices amid the coronavirus pandemic in an unprecedented deal with fellow oil nations, including the United States, that could curb global oil supply by 20%.

Measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus have destroyed demand for fuel and driven down oil prices, straining budgets of oil producers and hammering the U.S. shale industry, which is more vulnerable to low prices due to its higher costs.

The group, known as OPEC+, said it had agreed to reduce output by 9.7 million barrels per day (bpd) for May and June, after four days of talks and following pressure from U.S. President Donald Trump to arrest the price decline. OPEC+ sources said they expected total global oil cuts to amount to more than 20 million bpd, or 20 percent of global supply, effective May 1. OPEC had the same figure in its draft statement but removed it from the final version.

4

Global Trade To Fall By 13%-32% In 2020 Due To COVID-19.

Global trade is expected to fall by 13-32 per cent in 2020 as the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic disrupts economic activity and life around the world, the World Trade Organization (WTO) said on Wednesday.

The current slump will prove to be biggest of a generation, bigger than the global financial crisis of 2008-09, WTO said in its Annual Trade Statistics and Outlook Report. The report also pointed out that in 2019, 1.7 per cent of world exports originated from India, while 2.5 per cent of imports reached the country.

The report also warned that estimates of the expected recovery in 2021 remain gravely uncertain, with outcomes depending significantly on the duration of the outbreak and the effectiveness of policy responses by nations. If the pessimistic scenario comes to fruition, it could be the most precipitous drop in global commerce since the Great Depression.

5

Maxlife Ins, YES Bank Extended Bancassurance Tie-Up For 5 Years, Dedicated FY21 As “Year Of The Customer”.

Yes Bank extends bancassurance tie-up with Max Life Insurance for 5 years. Private sector life insurer Max Life Insurance on Monday said Yes Bank has extended the bancassurance partnership for next 5 years. Under the partnership, the products of the life insurer would be sold through the branches of Yes Bank.

 

6

WB South Asia Economic Focus Reports, Indian Economy Grows At 1.5-2.8% In FY21 While South Asian At 1.8 – 2.8%.

India is likely to record its worst growth performance since the 1991 liberalisation this fiscal year as the coronavirus outbreak severely disrupts the economy, the World Bank said on Sunday.

India’s economy is expected to grow 1.5 per cent to 2.8 per cent in the 2020-21 fiscal which started on April 1, the World Bank said in its South Asia Economic Focus report.
It estimated India will grow 4.8 per cent to 5 per cent in the 2019-20 fiscal that ended on March 31.

The Covid-19 outbreak came at a time when India’s economy was already slowing due to persistent financial sector weaknesses, the report said. “The resulting domestic supply and demand disruptions (on the back of weak external demand) are expected to result in a sharp growth deceleration in FY21 (April 2020 to March 2021),” it said, adding that the services sector will be particularly impacted.

 

7

India Becomes Top Hydroxychloroquine Producer & Exporter With 70% Annual Global Share.

India is the biggest manufacturer of hydroxychloroquine, the anti-malarial drug that is being touted as ‘game-changer’ in the fight against COVID-19 and is being aggressively sought by US President Donald Trump.

The country has the capacity to quickly ramp up the output of hydroxychloroquine. Days after it added the drug to the list of more than two dozen APIs that cannot be exported while officials get a handle on how much will be needed for COVID-19 outbreak in the country, India on Tuesday agreed to lift the ban after Trump sought supplies for the US.

India manufactures 70% of the world’s supply of hydroxychloroquine, according toC (IPA) secretary-general Sudarshan Jain. The country has a production capacity of 40 tonnes of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) every month, implying 20 crore tablets of 200 mg each. And since the drug is also used to auto-immune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, manufacturers have good production capacities that can also be ramped up.

8

UGC Constitutes 2 Expert Committees For Examination & Online Education.

The University Grants Commission (UGC), the higher education regulator in the country, directed the academic community to make productive use of the lockdown period in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak. To ensure that students don’t face any academic loss, UGC decided to constitute two expert committees. While talking to the media recently, the UGC Chairman, DP Singh stated that the commission formed two committees to look after the whole education fallout that students are facing due to the spread of the contagious virus spread in the country.

Elaborating about the committees, the Chairman further added the two committees are set for examinations & online education. One committee will look at the aspects related to examinations & academic calendar. On the basis of recommendations of the committee, the Commission will issue guidelines for universities. 

9

Sara Ali Khan Appointed As The Ambassador Of JBL.

Sara Ali Khan is the newest JBL brand ambassador. Sara’s announcement is particularly special as it celebrates her association with brand through a new commercial that captures the imagination of the youth with high-octane graphics, and words inspired by Gen-Y.

10

DPIIT Constitutes 25-Member Development Council For Pulp, Paper And Allied Industries Headed By A S Mehta.

The government has set up a 25-member development council for pulp, paper and allied industries, to spur growth of the sector. “The central government hereby establishes the council and appointed members for a period of two years,” a gazette notification has said

J K Paper Ltd President A S Mehta will be the chairman of the council. The members also include President of Indian Paper Manufactures Associations; President of Indian Agro and Recycled Paper Mills Association; President of Indian Newsprint Manufacturers Association (INMA), among others.

11

China’s Central Bank Increases Its Stake To 1% In HDFC; SAMA Also Bought 0.7% Stake.

China’s central bank, People’s Bank of China (PBOC), has bought a 1.1 percent stake in housing finance major HDFC Ltd on behalf of the Chinese sovereign wealth fund SAFE. The transaction is not for the Chinese Central bank itself, said HDFC Chairman, Deepak Parekh, in an exclusive interaction with Moneycontrol.

12

HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” Launched Web-Portal YUKTI In New Delhi.

Union Minister for HRD Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” has launched a web-portal YUKTI (Young India Combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) today in New Delhi. It’s a unique portal and dashboard  to monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of MHRD. The portal intends to cover the different dimensions of COVID-19 challenges in a very holistic and comprehensive way.

Speaking on the occasion Union Minister said that in the wake of COVID-19 threat, our primary aim is to keep our academic community healthy, both physically & mentally and to enable a continuous high-quality learning environment for learners. The portal is an effort of HRD Ministry to achieve this goal in these difficult times.

Shri Pokhriyal informed that It will cover the various initiatives and efforts of the institutions in academics, research especially related to CoVID, social initiatives by institutions and the measures taken for the betterment of the total wellbeing of the students. The portal will cover both qualitative and quantitative parameters for effective delivery of services to the academic community at large. He said that portal will also allow various institutions to share their strategies for various challenges which are there because of the unprecedented  situation of COVID-19 and other future initiatives. The HRD Minister hoped that this portal will give inputs for better planning and will enable MHRD to monitor effectively its activities for coming six months.

Shri Nishank said that the portal will also establish a two-way communication channel between the Ministry of HRD and the institutions so that the Ministry can provide the necessary support system to the institutions. He said that we are confident that this portal will help in critical issues related to student promotion policies, placements related challenges and physical and mental well-being of students in these challenging times. The web platform Yukti will epitomize its name and prove to be a great enabler in taking the research to the ultimate stakeholders, the citizens of our country, he added.

13

Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog & National Informatics Centre (NIC) Jointly Launches Collabcad In ATL Schools.

Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog & National Informatics Centre (NIC) jointly launches CollabCAD in ATL schools. AIM’s collaboration with NIC’s CollabCAD is a great platform for students to utilize indigenous, state-of-the-art made-in-India software for 3D modeling/slicing to use 3D Printing.

14

DST Funds SBPL To Develop Immunodiagnostic Kits & Active Virosome Vaccine.

Seagull BioSolutions, a startup working on new biological technologies, is being funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), to undertake the development of Active Virosome (AV)-Vaccine and Immunodiagnostic kits for COVID-19 emergency.

Active Virosome Technology (AVT) developed by Seagull Bio is useful for the production of vaccines & immunotherapeutic agents. The AVT platform is useful for producing novel, non-hazardous & economical Active Virosome agents expressing desired antigens from the target pathogen. These will be used to develop a novel vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19 infection and also immunodiagnostic ELISA kits for COVID-19.

“Accurate diagnostics, breaking the chain of transmission, therapy and preventive measures including safe and effective vaccines are the foundational pillars of addressing the challenges of COVID-19. Of these, developing vaccines has the longest timeline and so it is essential to fast track that activity NOW,” said Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic kits which are currently available in India are rapid & enable detection of active COVID 19 infection but cannot identify asymptomatic infections or those people who were exposed to or infected with COVID-19 in the past and did not suffer from the disease or have recovered from COVID-19 disease and may still be spreading the virus. In contrast, Immunodiagnostic kits help in detection of antibodies to COVID – which can identify these infections also. Therefore, SBPL has initiated efforts to produce Immunodiagnostic kits for COVID-19. These tests will enable healthcare researchers to monitor the spread of COVID-19 more accurately.  

Seagull Biobased out of Entrepreneurship Development Center (Venture Center), Pune, and supported under Seed Support System of the Technology Development Board (TDB), DST is producing two types of Active Virosome (AV) agents. SBPL will produce two types of AV agents – one expressing S protein of COVID-19 (AV-S) and another one expressing structural proteins of COVID-19 (AV-SPs). SBPL is currently amplifying the synthesis of both these agents upto 10 mg levels so that their immunogenicity can be tested. This test will first be performed in wild type mice to ascertain the ability of AV-S & AV-SPs to induce anti-COVID-19 neutralizing antibodies & cellular immune response(s).

Once this is proven, they will undertake efficacy studies in ACE-2R+ mice, which are used as a model for SARS disease. In parallel, a bioprocess for production of AV- agent will be established & the AV-agent produced in large scale about 100,000 vaccine doses. Detailed toxicity, safety & pharmacokinetic study will be performed in ACE2R+ mice and another small animal species or Monkeys, and then the AV-vaccine agent will be prepared for Phase I clinical trials. The company anticipates that the unique features of AVs will enable starting Phase I trials by the end of 18-20 months.

In parallel to this Vaccine project,  SBPL will also use the Active Virosomes expressing S protein of COVID-19 as an antigen for developing immunodiagnostic kits. IgM captures ELISA kits, IgG type antibody detecting ELISA kits, and a Lateral flow (LFA) immunodiagnostic test will be produced. LFA tests will empower individual citizens of India to test themselves easily & ensure that they remain disease-free.

SBPL expects the Immunodiagnostic kits to be ready for field trials by the end of Aug 2020 and approved by the end of 10-11 months. On the other hand, the AV vaccine is expected to take a longer time. However, given the emergency situation, SBPL aims to complete the proof of concept in 80 days & complete preclinical development & start Phase I trial by the end of 18-20 months.

15

NIF Developed Herbal Dewormer “Wormivet” For Livestock Owners.

In order to make the indigenous herbal dewormer titles ‘wormivet‘ available for livestock owners, NIF worked on a medication in treatment of endoparasite (worm) infestation among livestock sent by Harshadbhai Patel, Gujarat, which was found to be unique.

16

India To Host Asian Boxing Championships 2020 In Nov-Dec: BFI.

The Boxing Federation of India (BFI) has said it will host the Asian Boxing Championships for men and women in November-December, factoring India would have controlled the coronavirus outbreak by then.

India last hosted the men’s Asian meet back in 1980 in Mumbai, while it conducted the women’s event in 2003 in Hisar. The tournament became a combined event for men and women in 2019.

“We were awarded the hosting rights in February after a meeting of the Asian Boxing Confederation. The tournament will be held in November-December and the host city will be finalised after things normalise,” news agency PTI quoted BFI’s Executive Director R K Sacheti.

“It is an extraordinary situation no doubt but we are all hoping for this to be brought under control by June. Then another three-four months will go into resuming normal activities,” he said. The event is usually a biennial competition but has been held in consecutive years in the past.

17

Japanese Filmmaker Obayashi, Who Portrayed War’s Horrors, Passed Away At 82.

Nobuhiko Obayashi, one of Japan’s most prolific filmmakers who devoted his works to depicting war’s horrors and singing the eternal power of movies, has died. He was 82.

The official site for his latest film, “Labyrinth of Cinema,” said Obayashi died late Friday. Obayashi was diagnosed with terminal cancer in 2016 and was told he had just a few months. But he continued working, appearing frail and often in a wheelchair. “Labyrinth of Cinema” had been scheduled to be released in Japan on the day of his death. The date has been pushed back because of the coronavirus pandemic, which has closed theaters.

“Director Obayashi fought his sickness to the day of the scheduled release of his film. Rest in peace, director Obayashi, you who loved films so much you kept on making them,” the announcement said. The movie was showcased last year at the Tokyo International Film Festival, which honored him as a “cinematic magician” and which screened several of his other works.

18

Formula One Great Sir Stirling Moss Passed Away At 90.

Sir Stirling Moss, the great motor-racing driver, has died at the age of 90 following a long illness. The finest Formula 1 driver never to win a World Championship “closed his beautiful eyes” in the early hours of Easter morning, his wife said.

19

Padma Bhushan Awardee And  Former Attorney General Ashok Desai Passed Away At 77.

He was the Attorney General of India from 9 July 1996 to 6 May 1998. He also was the Solicitor General of India from 18 December 1989 to 2 December 1990 . He was awarded the Padma Bhushan. Desai died on 13 April 2020 at the age of 77.

20

April 12, International Day Of Human Space Flight 2020.

International Day of Human Space Flight is observed on 12 April. The day commemorates the anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s historic spaceflight in 1961. The day is celebrated as the Cosmonautics Day in Russia. The day aims to ensure the countries realize the aspiration to maintain outer space for peaceful purposes.

21

April 11, National Pet Day 2020.

National Pet Day on April 11th dedicates the day to those pets who may not always get the companionship and attention pets deserve. While loving our pets is something we do every day, the observance encourages helping out orphaned pet companions. It will improve their health and enhance their opportunities for adoption.

Sometimes their human companions aren’t well.  Making sure their forever furry friends are receiving the best of care will help relieve stress and worry.

22

Manipur Govt Introduces ‘Food Bank’ Initiative For Poor And Needy People.

Manipur’s Imphal East district administration has introduced a new initiative to provide immediate aid in the form of free food to the poor and needy with titled – “Food Bank” under the theme, “Help End Hunger Today.”

The initiative comes after the successful introduction of Home Delivery of essential commodities for Imphal East district due to the long Statewide lockdown in view of the threat of Coronavirus disease (Covid-19).

The Deputy Commissioner, Imphal East in a Public Notice issued dated 8th April 2020, welcomes any willing donor to donate any essential items at their disposal like dry ration ( rice, aata, maida, daal, edible oil, salt, potato, onions etc.), Milk, Biscuits, packages drinking water, and Non-food items like Hygiene and Sanitation related items like soaps, Hand wash, Household cleaning supplies, diapers, sanitary pads, sanitizers and medical aid items like Masks, Gloves, and PPEs etc. for further distribution to the poor and needy affected by shutdown due to threat of Covid-19.

Besides Mangminlian Vaiphei, AC to DC, Imphal East (Contact No. 8132817540) is appointed as Nodal Officer, Food Bank, who will be overall in charge of the collection and distribution of all the items, and Pinky Lukram, Branch Officer (Contact No.8787437529) and Dhananjoy Singh, Branch Officer (Contact No. 7005705260) shall assist the Nodal Officer.

The Food Bank at Imphal East DC Office Complex, Porompat conceived under the guidance of Dr. Rangitabali Waikhom, Deputy Commissioner, Imphal East District aims to ensure faster coordination and better logistics to supply food and essential items to the needy affected by the lockdown.

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