Current Affairs 10 April 2020 – Daily Current Affairs

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Current Affairs Content

News Type

1

Madhya Pradesh Railways Designs Mobile Doctor Booth Named ‘CHARAK’ For Zero-Contact Check-Ups.

National

2

Hindustan Unilever Joins Hands With UNICEF To Launch ‘Break-The-Chain’ Campaign Against Coronavirus.

National

3

ILO Monitor 2nd Edition Report, COVID-19 Risked 400 Mn Indian Workers To Face Poverty.

National

4

China Became Top Patent Filer Via PCT System; India’s IIT In PCT Filers While Nirsan Connect Among Madrid System.

National

5

Goldman Sachs Lowers India’s Growth Forecast For FY 21 To 1.6% From 3.3%.

National

6

India’s FY21 GDP Projected At 4.8%;Asia-Pacific Needs $880 Mn/Year Health Emergency Fund Amid COVID19: UN Report.

International

7

 Ben Stokes Becomes First English Player Since 2005 To Be Named Wisden’s Leading Cricketer.

National

8

 Jeff Bezos Tops, Mukesh Ambani Ranked 17th: 34th Forbes Billionaires List 2020.

National

9

 Anamika Roy Rashtrawar Appointed As MD & CEO Of IFFCO Tokio General Insurance.

National

10

Vinod Rai appointed first Chairman of Banks Board.

National

11

Centre Launches 1st Of Its Kind Igot E-Learning Portal On DIKSHA Platform Of MHRD.

National

12

Housing & Urban Affairs Ministry Releases Revised Version Of Swachhata App To Answer Queries Related To Coronavirus.

National

13

CSIR- National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) Pune Ties Up With BEL To Produce Medical Devices.

National

14

COVID-19: JNCASR Develops Antimicrobial Coating To Stop Spread Of Viruses.

National

15

Indian Immunologicals Ties Up With Australian University To Develop Vaccine For Coronavirus.

International

1

Madhya Pradesh Railways Designs Mobile Doctor Booth Named ‘CHARAK’ For Zero-Contact Check-Ups.

Andhra Pradesh has reported 19 more new Covid-19 cases yesterday, taking the total number of cases to 348 in the State. The new cases recoved were reported from Anantapur, Guntur, Prakasam and West Godavari Districts. The Positive Cases in Andhra Pradesh have gone up to 348.  With 75 Cases Kurnool District has the highest number of cases, Guntur with 49.

A total 09 patients have been recovered fully and discharged so fare in the State. The Andhra Pradesh Govt. has come up with a novel way to control the Virus outbreak.  It has inducted 4.5 lakh volunteers and secretaries from 11,158 village secretariats and 3,786 ward secretariats into Corona Warriors. As part of the corona control measures, all volunteers are conducting a house to house survey.  The Asha and ANM workers along with the volunteers are checking if people have come into contact with any foreign returnees or exhibit any Corona virus symptoms.

In Madhya Pradesh, corona infected patients were reported in many new districts including Vidisha, Raisen and Betul. The number of affected people in the state has increased to 341 so far. The maximum number of 173 cases was reported in Indore and 94 in Bhopal. So far 24 people have died in the state and 25 people have discharged from hospitals. Meanwhile, Indian Railways’ Coach Rehabilitation Workshop, Bhopal has developed a mobile doctor booth named Charak with zero contact check-up facility.

In Kerala, 9 more Covid 19  positive cases are confirmed taking the total number of patients in the. State to 259 which is the lowest figure in last two days. Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said that the State cabinet had approved for the creation of 273 posts in the newly formed Exclusive Covid hospital in Kasargode. Free food kit for tribal people will be distributed from today. Meanwhile, 5 helpdesk is formed in  countries where more keralites are infected. Online medical facility will be made available for them through which they can consult doctors in Kerala through audio or video calls.

2

Hindustan Unilever Joins Hands With UNICEF To Launch ‘Break-The-Chain’ Campaign Against Coronavirus.

Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) today announced a collaboration with UNICEF India to undertake a mass communication campaign to inform and empower the general public about the COVID-19 pandemic. The Campaign brings together the marketing expertise and scale of HUL and the technical knowledge of UNICEF to create engaging communication tools that can help people change behaviours and stay safe during this time of the pandemic.

HUL had also recently committed INR 100 crore towards helping India fight the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the Campaign, it is rolling out many initiatives to ensure citizens across the country have access to essential products such as soaps, sanitizers and toilet cleaners.

The mass media campaign titled ‘#BreakTheChain #VirusKiKadiTodo’ will have simple yet powerful five and 15 second informative assets to empower the general public with prevention strategies to protect themselves against COVID-19. Based on three key themes – social distancing, handwashing and generosity, the Campaign will generate these short informative assets across India through television, news portals and prominent social media channels.

3

ILO Monitor 2nd Edition Report, COVID-19 Risked 400 Mn Indian Workers To Face Poverty.

In India, with a share of almost 90% of people working in the informal economy, about 400 million workers in the informal economy are at risk of falling deeper into poverty during the crisis. About 400 million workers in India, working in the informal economy, are at risk of falling deeper into poverty during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) said in a report on Wednesday that the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting 2.7 billion workers globally due to lockdowns.

COVID-19 is already affecting tens of millions of informal workers. In India, Nigeria and Brazil, the number of workers in the informal economy affected by the lockdown and other containment measures is substantial.  In India, nearly 90 per cent of the people work in the informal economy and about 400 million of these are at risk. ILO said rt said that particularly in low- and middle-income countries, hard-hit sectors have a high proportion of workers in informal employment and workers with limited access to health services and social protection. Without appropriate policy measures, workers face a high risk of falling into poverty and will experience greater challenges in regaining their livelihoods during the recovery period.

4

China Became Top Patent Filer Via PCT System; India’s IIT In PCT Filers While Nirsan Connect Among Madrid System.

With 58,990 applications filed in 2019 via WIPO’s Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) System, China ended the U.S. (57,840 applications in 2019) reign as the biggest user of the PCT System that helps incentivize and spread innovation – a position previously held by the U.S. each year since the PCT began operations in 1978.

International patent applications filed via the PCT grew by 5.2% (265,800 applications) in 2019, while international trademark applications via the Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks increased by 5.7% (64,400 applications). Protection for industrial designs via the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs saw a 10.4% growth (21,807 designs), capping another record-setting year for WIPO’s global IP services.

Trademark owners filed a record 3,693 cases under the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) with WIPO’s Arbitration and Mediation Centre, while WIPO’s two-dozen plus treaties gained 55 new accessions or ratifications in 2019 and preliminary financial results showed an approximate surplus of 97.5 million Swiss francs.

5

Goldman Sachs Lowers India’s Growth Forecast For FY 21 To 1.6% From 3.3%.

Economic growth in India is likely to nose-dive to a multi-decade low of 1.6% in the fiscal year 2020-21 due to COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent measures like lockdowns and social distancing, Goldman Sachs said on Wednesday in one of the bleakest forecasts on GDP yet. Indian government has not been aggressive enough in their response to the crisis till now and will need to eventually intensify its efforts, economists at Goldman Sachs said.

It can be noted that growth was estimated to slide to a low of 5% for FY19-20 even without the pandemic, and the virus outbreak has only worsened the woes. Many analysts have been announcing downward revisions of their forecasts amidst coronavirus concerns with some estimating a contraction in the first quarter of the fiscal; but this is the lowest forecast for the whole year.

The American brokerage firm also said that it expects the global economy to sink into recession in 2020 and sees the COVID-19 pandemic–hit global gross domestic product (GDP) come in at a negative 1.8% in 2020. The latest forecast is a 5 percentage point (pp) downward revision since early this year and around 3pp lower than the March 22 forecast.

6

India’s FY21 GDP Projected At 4.8%;Asia-Pacific Needs $880 Mn/Year Health Emergency Fund Amid COVID19: UN Report.

India’s GDP growth for the current fiscal is expected to slow down to 4.8 per cent, a UN report has said, warning that the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to result in significant adverse economic impacts globally. The UN ‘Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 2020: Towards sustainable economies’ said that COVID-19 is having far-reaching economic and social consequences for the region, with strong cross-border spillover effects through trade, tourism and financial linkages.

India’s GDP growth for the fiscal year 2019-2020 was estimated at 5 per cent and is forecast to slow down to 4.8 per cent for the current fiscal 2020-21. Economic growth for the country could stand at 5.1 per cent for fiscal year 2021-22, the report said.

7

Ben Stokes Becomes First English Player Since 2005 To Be Named Wisden’s Leading Cricketer.

Ben Stokes has been named as the leading Cricketer in the World in the 2020 edition of Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack, which is published today, after a remarkable 2019 in which he guided England to their maiden World Cup title before producing one of the great Test innings to beat Australia in the Headingley Ashes Test. Stokes succeeds India’s Virat Kohli, who had been honoured by Wisden for three years running, and becomes the first English player since Andrew Flintoff in 2005 to be considered the best contemporary player in the world.

“Ben Stokes pulled off the performance of a lifetime – twice in the space of a few weeks,” said Wisden’s editor, Lawrence Booth. “First, with a mixture of outrageous talent and good fortune, he rescued England’s run-chase in the World Cup final, before helping to hit 15 off the super over. Then, in the Third Ashes Test at Headingley, he produced one of the great innings, smashing an unbeaten 135 to pinch a one-wicket win.”

8

 Jeff Bezos Tops, Mukesh Ambani Ranked 17th: 34th Forbes Billionaires List 2020.

Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos is still the richest person in the world, even after losing $7 billion in one year, according to the ninth annual Hurun Global Rich List. Bezos, 56, has retained the top spot for the third year with an estimated net worth of $140 billion, mainly due to the world’s largest divorce settlement with former wife MacKenzie Bezos, who made the list in her own right with $44 billion.

French billionaire business magnate Bernard Arnault ranked second, with an estimated worth of $107 billion, up $ 21 billion from last year, according to Hurun Global Rich List 2020. Microsoft founder Bill Gates and Warren Buffett were on third and fourth spots, respectively.

Bezos, Arnault, Gates and Buffett were the only four billionaires on the list with wealth over $100 billion. Reliance Industries (RIL) Chairman Mukesh Ambani was the only Indian to make into the top 10 rankings this year with a net worth of $67 billion. Ambani, 62, ranked among 10 richest billionaires for the second time after a $13 billion or 24 per cent jump in his wealth to $67 billion. Since last 5 years, Mukesh Ambani added Rs 7 crore every hour, according to Hurun Global Rich List.

9

Anamika Roy Rashtrawar Appointed As MD & CEO Of IFFCO Tokio General Insurance.

Anamika Roy Rashtrawar has been appointed as the Managing Director and CEO of IFFCO Tokio General Insurance Company Ltd, which makes her the first woman of a large private sector general insurance company to hold this position. Rashtrawar joined IFFCO Tokio General Insurance as a whole-time director in June 2018.

10

Vinod Rai Appointed First Chairman Of Banks Board.

Former Comptroller & Auditor General of India Vinod Rai has been named the first chairman of Banks Board Bureau, which will help the government appoint heads of public sector banks and advice on banking reforms.
The appointment has raised some eyebrows, especially after Rai was given Padma Bhushan this year. Under Article 148 (4) of the constitution, the Comptroller and Auditor General shall not be eligible for further office either under the Government of India or under the Government.

11

Centre Launches 1st Of Its Kind Igot E-Learning Portal On DIKSHA Platform Of MHRD.

India is fighting against covid-19 Pandemic and India’s first line of workers is already engaged in COVID relief and doing commendable job. However, a larger force will be needed to replace the first line and to tackle the exponential or geometric increase in positive COVID cases in the subsequent stages of the pandemic.

Accordingly, to take care of the training needs of the frontline workers, the Government of India has launched a training module for management of COVID-19 named ‘Integrated Govt. Online training’ (iGOT) portal on Ministry of HRD’s DIKSHA platform for the capacity building of frontline workers to handle the pandemic efficiently. Courses on iGOT have been launched for Doctors, Nurses, Paramedics, Hygiene Workers, Technicians, Auxiliary Nursing Midwives (ANMs), State Government Officers, Civil Defence Officers, Various Police Organisations, National Cadet Corps(NCC), NehruYuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), National Service Scheme, Indian Red Cross Society, Bharat Scouts and Guides and other volunteers at the stage.

MHRD’s ‘Digital Infrastructure Knowledge Sharing’ (DIKSHA) platform – an initiative for education & training has been leveraged by Government of India to launch iGOT portal to train all frontline healthcare and COVID Warriors of India to meet Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi’s vision to care for those ‘who care for the nation’, DIKSHA’s population scale infrastructure was launched by the Vice President of India on Teacher’s Day in 2017 and is already being used by more than one crore teachers and students across the country in 30+ states & UTs for curriculum-based education and training. DIKSHA already has explanation, practice and assessment content linked to NCERT and state curriculum.

DIKSHA platform is well equipped to cater to unlimited demands of learning, any time, anywhere. Multiple states in the country besides NCERT & CBSE will be using it for online teacher training, conducting quizzes, doing learning activities to promote creative & critical thinking, as well as for ensuring continuity in curriculum linked education for students in these times. The uniqueness of the DIKSHA platform is its federated architecture which makes it possible for iGOT portal to leverage it and help train lakhs of ‘Corona warriors’ including government officials, frontline health workers & volunteers from organizations like NCC, NSS, NYKS etc, to prepare them to fight against the pandemic. The portal will provide agencies like the Health Department and NCC with the ability to upload their content suited for its various users and users to take training using mobile app(diksha app) and online.

MHRD is happy that the Department of Personnel & Training could leverage the DIKSHA platform for the iGOT portal, that will help equip our frontline warriors with capabilities to fight the Coronavirus Pandemic by getting just in time knowledge and skill sets to help tide over the present crisis.

12

Housing & Urban Affairs Ministry Releases Revised Version Of Swachhata App To Answer Queries Related To Coronavirus.

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched a revised version of the existing ‘Swachhata-MoHUA’ application to handle queries specific to coronavirus outbreak. The application serves as an effective digital tool enabling citizens to play an active role in the cleanliness of their cities and increase accountability on the part of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), a ministry statement said. The revised version of the application takes leverage of a huge user base – over 1.7 crore users – to support citizens during this coronavirus pandemic.

“The addition of these new categories has no impact on the existing categories of the App and citizens may continue to post their grievances in either of the categories,” the statement added. It was launched during a video conference which was held with all states and Union Territories, under the chairmanship of Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary Durga Shanker Mishra.

13

CSIR- National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) Pune Ties Up With BEL To Produce Medical Devices.

Councils of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR) and National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) at Pune have tied up with Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) to produce medical devices in view of COVID19 outbreak, Department of Science and Technology(DST) said here on Thursday.

14

COVID-19: JNCASR Develops Antimicrobial Coating To Stop Spread Of Viruses.

An antimicrobial coating, developed by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore, an autonomous institute under Department of Science & Technology (DST), has shown excellent results in tackling the spread of deadly influenza virus, the root cause of severe respiratory infections, by inactivating large loads of influenza virus. The Science and Engineering Research Board, a unit of the DST is supporting the further development of this coating for the country’s war against COVID-19.

 The proven efficiency of the coating in 100% destruction of influenza virus (an enveloped virus) shows that the coating may be effective in destroying COVID 19 – another enveloped virus upon contact. The technology which is simple and hence do not require skilled personnel for its development is already set to be tested against COVD 19. If found to be active, a number of PPEs, such as masks, gowns, gloves, face shields, used by doctors and nurses can be coated with it, imparting enhanced protection and safety to them. This will aid them to fight the battle against COVID 19 more effectively.

15

Indian Immunologicals Ties Up With Australian University To Develop Vaccine For Coronavirus.

Indian Immunologicals, a subsidiary of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), has inked agreement with Australia’s Griffith University to develop a vaccine for coronavirus. Hyderabad-based Indian Immunologicals Ltd (IIL) is already working with Griffith University for conducting research and development of Zika virus vaccine, which is currently at pre-clinical toxicology testing stage, the NDDB said in a statement.

Announcing the collaboration, Dilip Rath, Chairman of NDDB and IIL, said: “In this significant cross-continental collaboration, scientists from IIL and Griffith University will jointly develop a ‘Live Attenuated SARS CoV-2 vaccine’ or Covid-19 vaccine using the latest codon de-optimisation technology”. This technology looks promising for developing a vaccine for prophylactic, active, single dose immunization against coronavirus in humans, with an enhanced safety profile, Rath said.

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